The Proceedings of ICSE 99 represent the final archival records of the conference. To give the book a high quality appearance we ask that authors follow these guidelines. In essence, we ask you to make your document look as much like this document as possible. The easiest way to do this is simply to replace the flow content of this file with your own material.

An electronic copy of this guideline is avialable in Framemaker, Word, and LaTEX formats here:
MIF File 
BIN File 
RTF File 
DOC File 
DOT File 
Compressed File (tar.Z) 
Tex File 
Style File 
Or view them in JPG format: Page1 and Page 2.

Submissions in different categories have ` page limits that must be adhered to. Technical papers, for example, should be no longer than 10 pages. Submissions that exceed the limit for their category will not be reviewed.
All material on each page should fit within a rectangle of 18 x 23.5 cm (7" x 9.25"), centered on the page, beginning 1.9 cm (.75") from the top of the page, with a .85 cm (.33") space between two 8.4 cm (3.3") columns. Use either US Letter or A4 paper. Right margins should be justified, not ragged.
Submissions should be prepared on a typesetter or word processor. Please use a 10-point Times Roman font, or other Roman font with serifs, as close as possible in appearance to Times Roman (in which these guidelines have been set). Note that different components (such as title, authors, headers - see below) use the same font, but with different sizes and styles. The target is to have a 10-point text, as you see here. Please do not use sans-serif or non-proportional fonts except for special purposes, such as distinguishing source code text (e.g., #include <iostream.h> ). Fonts similar to Times Roman include Times, Computer Modern Roman, and Press.

If you do not have a laser printer, you may be able to arrange for a business to print your document for you. If no laser printer is available, then please ask the conference office for assistance.

Title and Authors

The title (18-point bold), authors' names (12-point bold), and affiliations (12-point) run across the full width of the page -- one column 17.8 cm (7") wide. Please also include phone numbers and e-mail addresses. See the top of this page for three names with different addresses. Note that each of the names/addresses has its own table cell in a table with invisible borders. If only one address is needed, center all address text in a single-column table. For two addresses, use two columns, and so on. For more that three authors, you may have to improvise (if necessary, you may place some address information in a footnote).

Abstract and Keywords

Every submission (except summaries of Workshops) should begin with an abstract of no more than 200 words, followed by a short list of keywords. The abstract and keywords should be placed in the left column of the first page. The abstract should be a concise summary of the work and resulting conclusions. Keywords should help readers determine if the paper contains topics they are interested in.

First Page Copyright Notice

Leave at least 2.5 cm (1") of blank space at the bottom of the left column of the first page only. This space is reserved for the copyright notice that will be added during final printing.

Subsequent Pages

For pages other than the first page, start at the top of the page and continue in double-column format. It is preferable (but not required) that the two columns on the last page have approximately equal length. This can be accomplished by adjusting the length of the left column on the last page.

References and Citations

Use the standard Communications of the ACM format for references -- that is, a numbered list at the end of the article, ordered alphabetically by first author, and referenced by numbers in brackets (e.g., "[1]"). See the examples of citations at the end of this document. Within this template file, use the style named Numbered for the text of your citation; the first citation should be of Paragraph Tag Numbered1 .
References should be published materials accessible to the public. Internal technical reports may be cited only if they are easily accessible (i.e., you can give the address to obtain it within your citation) and may be obtained by any reader. Proprietary information should not be cited. Private communications should be acknowledged, not referenced (e.g., "[Robertson, personal communication]").

Page Numbering, Headers and Footers

Page numbers should be included in your submission for review. There are headers built into this template for page numbers. Do not add other headers or footers. Final submission of accepted papers should not include any page numbers; they will be added for you when the publications are assembled. (Just delete the header frames from the master page to remove them.)
The title of a section should be in Times Roman 10-point bold in all capitals. Please number the sections. Do not number the abstract, acknowledgements, or references sections. (Use HEADING0 for those unnumbered headers.)

Subsections (Paragraph Tag: Heading2)

The title of subsections should be in Times Roman 10-point bold with only the initial letters of each word capitalized. For subsections and subsubsections, a word like the and a is not capitalized unless it is the first word of the heading.
Subsubsections (Paragraph Tag: Heading3)
The heading for subsubsections should be in Times Roman 10-point italic with initial letters of each word capitalized.
Figures should be inserted at the appropriate point in your text. Figures may extend over the two columns up to 17.8 cm (7") if necessary. Black and white photographs (not Polaroid prints) may be mounted on the camera-ready paper with glue or double-sided tape. (To avoid smudges, attach figures by paste or tape applied to their back surfaces only.)
The written and spoken language of ICSE 99 is English. Spelling and punctuation may consistently use any dialect of English (e.g., British, Canadian or US). Please write for an international audience:
Authors are responsible for ensuring that their work is conducted in a professional and ethical manner [1], including (but not limited to) fully informed consent of participants in studies, protection of personal data (e.g., [3]), and permission to use others' copyrighted materials.
For more information, contact, or phone +1-412-268-5056.
This document has been adapted from the ICSE 97 Conference Proceedings Format specification. That was in turn adapted from the Style Sheet defined for CHI 96 by Michael J. Muller, Bonnie Nardi, and Michael J. Tauber, and numberous people in the CHI community. Judith Meskill translated that document into a FrameMaker template file. Their contributions are gratefully acknowledged.
  1. Anderson, R.E. Social impacts of computing: Codes of professional ethics. Social Science Computing Review 10, 2 (Winter 1992), 453-469.
  2. ICSE 99 Web Site, On-line at <>.
  3. Mackay, W.E. Ethics, lies and videotape. . . in Proc. CHI'95 (Denver CO, May 1995), ACM Press, 138-145.

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